Discussion:
NYT: Anthony Tommasini: Is 'Mass' Leonard Bernstein's Best Work, or His Worst?
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Frank Forman
2018-07-21 00:16:50 UTC
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His best work was "How A Great Symphony Was Made (ask for it), in which
Bernstein takes sketches of the first movement of Beethoven's Symphony 5
(Old No. 6) and speculates how they might have been used.

NYT: Anthony Tommasini: Is 'Mass' Leonard Bernstein's Best Work, or His
Worst?
https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/13/arts/music/mass-bernstein-mostly-mozart.html

The controversy over Leonard Bernstein's "Mass" began with its
premiere in 1971. In his review for The New York Times on Sept. 9
that year, Harold C. Schonberg dismissed the piece as "fashionable
kitsch," "cheap and vulgar." The same morning, Paul Hume in The
Washington Post hailed the work as a "rich amalgamation of the
theatrical arts" and "the greatest music Bernstein has ever
written."

I loved it when it was new. Nearly 50 years later, I still do,
though I understand why it provokes exasperation.

An opportunity to hear Bernstein's "theater piece for singers,
players and dancers," as he called it, comes next Tuesday and
Wednesday when, in honor of this composer's centennial, Louis
Langrée conducts the forces of the Mostly Mozart Festival in a
production directed by Elkhanah Pulitzer at David Geffen Hall.

As in many Bernstein works, the subject is a crisis of faith. The
text alternates passages of the Latin mass liturgy with English
lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, whose musical "Godspell" had opened in
1970. The piece was composed when America was bitterly polarized by
the Vietnam War and protests raged on college campuses. (Sound
familiar?)

At the time, Bernstein was pilloried for daring to draw from myriad
serious and popular styles in fashioning this two-hour score--a
"wild mélange of everything," as Schonberg put it. Today, when it's
the norm for composers to blend traditions, his approach seems ahead
of its time.

"Mass" begins with an intentionally grating Antiphon: "Kyrie
eleison," with solo voices singing the Latin words entwined with
percussion instruments; the complexity increases over two fidgety
minutes, with prerecorded elements played through speakers placed
around the hall.

Just when the jumble becomes aggressive, a grounded tonal chord on
electric guitar breaks through and brings calm. "Sing God a simple
song," our guide, the Celebrant, says. The sudden shift may seem
heavy-handed and the message a little obvious, but the music is
beguiling, not so much simple as transparent and generous.

Then the Celebrant sings, softly, "For God is the simplest of all."
At that moment the strings in the orchestra enter, tentatively
supporting his tender melodic line with cushioning harmonies. In my
favorite recording, Marin Alsop--with the Baltimore Symphony
Orchestra and Jubilant Sykes as the Celebrant--does this
beautifully.

When the Celebrant sings "Blessed is the man who praises Him," a
pop-style accompaniment pattern begins. Some find it cloying. I
think it's stylish, especially as subtly folded into the overall
textures by Ms. Alsop, who never overemphasizes the pop and rock
elements. (A Bernstein protégé, Ms. Alsop considers "Mass" a
masterpiece.)

Density to graciousness

Bernstein juxtaposes a Street Chorus of disaffected people (the
jeans and T-shirt crowd) with a formal chorus in robes and a boys'
choir. The Street Chorus first appears in a Prefatory Prayers
section, singing Latin words to music driven by marching band
flourishes. For all the thumping energy, the music has a touch of
stiff irony reminiscent of Shostakovich. There's a striking passage
where a tangle of counterpoint breaks into a rhythmically fractured
stretch that recalls, for me, the frenzied auto-da-fé choral
ensemble of "Candide," complete with "wrong-note" injections of band
instruments.

A rhythmically fractured stretch

A striking passage in this extended number comes when the boys'
choir enters singing "Kyrie eleison," sounding angelic but a little
out of it. Then a boy soloist sings "Here I go up to the altar of
God" on a phrase that spirals higher. But his voice is backed by
questioning, almost needling, high sustained instrumental sonorities
that suggest this innocent is, at best, naïve.

The boys' choir enters

Another remarkable number is the chorale "Almighty Father."
Bernstein's music balances wistful contemplation with skilled
handling of voice leading and harmony. It lasts less than two
minutes, and it's remarkable music. I love the moment when Bernstein
sets the words "And fill with grace" to widely spaced chords: a
frequent trope in Copland, but taken to a daring extreme here.

The words 'And fill with grace'

The presence of Copland, whom Bernstein revered, is felt in another
of my favorite sections, the Trope: "Thank You," for soprano and
Street Chorus. "There once were days so bright," the soloist sings
to wistful music that could be outtakes from Copland's opera "The
Tender Land," but with a more astringent harmonic language. Listen
to the way Ms. Alsop highlights the piercing woodwinds behind the
pleading melody when the soprano sings "The bend of a willow."

Piercing woodwinds behind pleading melody

The episodes when the ragtag, war-protesting Rock Singers enter have
long been the most cringe-inducing for many listeners. For me,
Bernstein's evocations of rock are only glancing, tinged with jazz
and blues. And he rattles the driving rhythms by introducing slight
metrical dislocations--for example, during "I Don't Know," sung by
the First Rock Singer, which, starting around a minute in, makes him
sound like a member of the Jets who has wandered in from "West Side
Story."

'I Don't Know'

As Mass progresses, the Celebrant tries to bless the sacraments, but
the anarchic Street Chorus, fed up with the "heavenly silence" from
a God who has clearly abandoned them, pummels the Celebrant with
battering, rock-driven, deafening repetitions of "Dona nobis,"
provoking the work's dramatic climax: The shattered Celebrant throws
the chalice to the ground, which stuns the crowd. The Celebrant has
a breakdown. "Isn't that odd," he sings, almost to himself, as
pizzicato basses play fragments of 12-tone riffs.

The Celebrant's breakdown

It's Bernstein's contribution to the legacy of operatic mad scenes,
and it's riveting, a 14-minute tour de force for the Celebrant. The
most powerful stretch, for me, comes when the Celebrant, unable to
rouse the shocked crowd, sings "How easily things get quiet," then
observes "God is very ill." His phrases try to coalesce into an
aching lullaby ("Don't you cry") over an undulant riff, but to no
avail. Song is impossible, the music suggests.

Song is impossible, the music suggests

The Celebrant's fury and anguish erupt again in fractured phrases--
until, finally, a boy soprano, singing atop diaphanous string
sonorities, offers advice: "Sing God a secret song." This begins the
final extended episode, when voices, one by one, join together in
harmony, in canon. Finally the entire company reprises the "Almighty
Father" chorale.

Comforting, but uncertain and quizzical

But this time the supportive harmonies are thick with intensifying
intervals and pungent bits. The mood is comforting, but uncertain,
more quizzical. The crisis of faith has been overcome. For now.
sci.space
2018-07-21 12:40:50 UTC
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I am with Schonberg. I never did have a great fondness for anything Bernstein Wrote. A couple years ago I saw a double bill of Trouble in Tahiti and Menotti's The Medium. Tahiti was tedious. The Medium was riveting.
r***@verizon.net
2018-07-21 14:30:41 UTC
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On Saturday, July 21, 2018 at 8:40:53 AM UTC-4, sci.space wrote:
> I am with Schonberg. I never did have a great fondness for anything Bernstein Wrote. A couple years ago I saw a double bill of Trouble in Tahiti and Menotti's The Medium. Tahiti was tedious. The Medium was riveting.

I second that. The only works of Bernstein that I have returned to again and again are Candide and Chichester Psalms.
r***@gmail.com
2018-07-21 21:34:33 UTC
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And the Serenade for Violin and Orchestra.

I see that Norman Lebrecht's recent 'Recording of the Week' was a new recording of the three LB symphonies (by Pappano). Then he went on to say he didn't like any of the symphonies really and they were all failures. Quite peverse.

Rosemary Forbes-Butler
Herman
2018-07-22 10:26:41 UTC
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On Saturday, July 21, 2018 at 11:34:35 PM UTC+2, ***@gmail.com wrote:
> And the Serenade for Violin and Orchestra.
>
This is one of LB's more frequently performed and recorded works, and yet... I find I have to really tie myself to a chair if I want to make it to the end. LB's premier problem is 'too much', his habit over overegging every pudding.
drh8h
2018-08-06 02:12:45 UTC
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On Sunday, July 22, 2018 at 6:26:44 AM UTC-4, Herman wrote:
> On Saturday, July 21, 2018 at 11:34:35 PM UTC+2, ***@gmail.com wrote:
> > And the Serenade for Violin and Orchestra.
> >
> This is one of LB's more frequently performed and recorded works, and yet... I find I have to really tie myself to a chair if I want to make it to the end. LB's premier problem is 'too much', his habit over overegging every pudding.

A few days back, I just listened for the first time to his "Kaddish" in the 1964 recording. Overegging is an apt description. Whatever it he is doing, it is at the end of a sledgehammer. The listener has to have the "point" beaten into his skull.

Someday--The Mass. But not right now.

DH
markhax
2018-08-06 16:49:09 UTC
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Anne Midgette's take on Bernstein after overdosing in the Bernstein centennial year:
https://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/music/too-much-bernstein-leaves-a-critic-fed-up-with-his-music/2018/07/20/1573dfec-7ae6-11e8-93cc-6d3beccdd7a3_story.html?utm_term=.2772e5c7144d
Ricardo Jimenez
2018-08-06 20:59:21 UTC
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On Mon, 6 Aug 2018 09:49:09 -0700 (PDT), markhax
<***@williams.edu> wrote:

>Anne Midgette's take on Bernstein after overdosing in the Bernstein centennial year:
>https://www.washingtonpost.com/entertainment/music/too-much-bernstein-leaves-a-critic-fed-up-with-his-music/2018/07/20/1573dfec-7ae6-11e8-93cc-6d3beccdd7a3_story.html?utm_term=.2772e5c7144d

I know exactly what she means. Listening to that much music composed
by Bernstein, in such a short period, would also drive me nuts.
g***@gmail.com
2018-07-22 06:18:28 UTC
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On Saturday, July 21, 2018 at 4:30:44 AM UTC-10, ***@verizon.net wrote:
> On Saturday, July 21, 2018 at 8:40:53 AM UTC-4, sci.space wrote:
> > I am with Schonberg. I never did have a great fondness for anything Bernstein Wrote. A couple years ago I saw a double bill of Trouble in Tahiti and Menotti's The Medium. Tahiti was tedious. The Medium was riveting.
>
> I second that. The only works of Bernstein that I have returned to again and again are Candide and Chichester Psalms.

Am I the only one who still loves WEST S. S.?
Raymond Hall
2018-07-22 10:09:49 UTC
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On Tbe Waterfont, is the one piece I could not do without.

Ray Hall, Taree
g***@gmail.com
2018-07-22 06:16:22 UTC
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On Friday, July 20, 2018 at 2:16:53 PM UTC-10, Frank Forman wrote:
> His best work was "How A Great Symphony Was Made (ask for it), in which
> Bernstein takes sketches of the first movement of Beethoven's Symphony 5
> (Old No. 6) and speculates how they might have been used.
>
> NYT: Anthony Tommasini: Is 'Mass' Leonard Bernstein's Best Work, or His
> Worst?
> https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/13/arts/music/mass-bernstein-mostly-mozart.html
>
> The controversy over Leonard Bernstein's "Mass" began with its
> premiere in 1971. In his review for The New York Times on Sept. 9
> that year, Harold C. Schonberg dismissed the piece as "fashionable
> kitsch," "cheap and vulgar." The same morning, Paul Hume in The
> Washington Post hailed the work as a "rich amalgamation of the
> theatrical arts" and "the greatest music Bernstein has ever
> written."
>
> I loved it when it was new. Nearly 50 years later, I still do,
> though I understand why it provokes exasperation.
>
> An opportunity to hear Bernstein's "theater piece for singers,
> players and dancers," as he called it, comes next Tuesday and
> Wednesday when, in honor of this composer's centennial, Louis
> Langrée conducts the forces of the Mostly Mozart Festival in a
> production directed by Elkhanah Pulitzer at David Geffen Hall.
>
> As in many Bernstein works, the subject is a crisis of faith. The
> text alternates passages of the Latin mass liturgy with English
> lyrics by Stephen Schwartz, whose musical "Godspell" had opened in
> 1970. The piece was composed when America was bitterly polarized by
> the Vietnam War and protests raged on college campuses. (Sound
> familiar?)
>
> At the time, Bernstein was pilloried for daring to draw from myriad
> serious and popular styles in fashioning this two-hour score--a
> "wild mélange of everything," as Schonberg put it. Today, when it's
> the norm for composers to blend traditions, his approach seems ahead
> of its time.
>
> "Mass" begins with an intentionally grating Antiphon: "Kyrie
> eleison," with solo voices singing the Latin words entwined with
> percussion instruments; the complexity increases over two fidgety
> minutes, with prerecorded elements played through speakers placed
> around the hall.
>
> Just when the jumble becomes aggressive, a grounded tonal chord on
> electric guitar breaks through and brings calm. "Sing God a simple
> song," our guide, the Celebrant, says. The sudden shift may seem
> heavy-handed and the message a little obvious, but the music is
> beguiling, not so much simple as transparent and generous.
>
> Then the Celebrant sings, softly, "For God is the simplest of all."
> At that moment the strings in the orchestra enter, tentatively
> supporting his tender melodic line with cushioning harmonies. In my
> favorite recording, Marin Alsop--with the Baltimore Symphony
> Orchestra and Jubilant Sykes as the Celebrant--does this
> beautifully.
>
> When the Celebrant sings "Blessed is the man who praises Him," a
> pop-style accompaniment pattern begins. Some find it cloying. I
> think it's stylish, especially as subtly folded into the overall
> textures by Ms. Alsop, who never overemphasizes the pop and rock
> elements. (A Bernstein protégé, Ms. Alsop considers "Mass" a
> masterpiece.)
>
> Density to graciousness
>
> Bernstein juxtaposes a Street Chorus of disaffected people (the
> jeans and T-shirt crowd) with a formal chorus in robes and a boys'
> choir. The Street Chorus first appears in a Prefatory Prayers
> section, singing Latin words to music driven by marching band
> flourishes. For all the thumping energy, the music has a touch of
> stiff irony reminiscent of Shostakovich. There's a striking passage
> where a tangle of counterpoint breaks into a rhythmically fractured
> stretch that recalls, for me, the frenzied auto-da-fé choral
> ensemble of "Candide," complete with "wrong-note" injections of band
> instruments.
>
> A rhythmically fractured stretch
>
> A striking passage in this extended number comes when the boys'
> choir enters singing "Kyrie eleison," sounding angelic but a little
> out of it. Then a boy soloist sings "Here I go up to the altar of
> God" on a phrase that spirals higher. But his voice is backed by
> questioning, almost needling, high sustained instrumental sonorities
> that suggest this innocent is, at best, naïve.
>
> The boys' choir enters
>
> Another remarkable number is the chorale "Almighty Father."
> Bernstein's music balances wistful contemplation with skilled
> handling of voice leading and harmony. It lasts less than two
> minutes, and it's remarkable music. I love the moment when Bernstein
> sets the words "And fill with grace" to widely spaced chords: a
> frequent trope in Copland, but taken to a daring extreme here.
>
> The words 'And fill with grace'
>
> The presence of Copland, whom Bernstein revered, is felt in another
> of my favorite sections, the Trope: "Thank You," for soprano and
> Street Chorus. "There once were days so bright," the soloist sings
> to wistful music that could be outtakes from Copland's opera "The
> Tender Land," but with a more astringent harmonic language. Listen
> to the way Ms. Alsop highlights the piercing woodwinds behind the
> pleading melody when the soprano sings "The bend of a willow."
>
> Piercing woodwinds behind pleading melody
>
> The episodes when the ragtag, war-protesting Rock Singers enter have
> long been the most cringe-inducing for many listeners. For me,
> Bernstein's evocations of rock are only glancing, tinged with jazz
> and blues. And he rattles the driving rhythms by introducing slight
> metrical dislocations--for example, during "I Don't Know," sung by
> the First Rock Singer, which, starting around a minute in, makes him
> sound like a member of the Jets who has wandered in from "West Side
> Story."
>
> 'I Don't Know'
>
> As Mass progresses, the Celebrant tries to bless the sacraments, but
> the anarchic Street Chorus, fed up with the "heavenly silence" from
> a God who has clearly abandoned them, pummels the Celebrant with
> battering, rock-driven, deafening repetitions of "Dona nobis,"
> provoking the work's dramatic climax: The shattered Celebrant throws
> the chalice to the ground, which stuns the crowd. The Celebrant has
> a breakdown. "Isn't that odd," he sings, almost to himself, as
> pizzicato basses play fragments of 12-tone riffs.
>
> The Celebrant's breakdown
>
> It's Bernstein's contribution to the legacy of operatic mad scenes,
> and it's riveting, a 14-minute tour de force for the Celebrant. The
> most powerful stretch, for me, comes when the Celebrant, unable to
> rouse the shocked crowd, sings "How easily things get quiet," then
> observes "God is very ill." His phrases try to coalesce into an
> aching lullaby ("Don't you cry") over an undulant riff, but to no
> avail. Song is impossible, the music suggests.
>
> Song is impossible, the music suggests
>
> The Celebrant's fury and anguish erupt again in fractured phrases--
> until, finally, a boy soprano, singing atop diaphanous string
> sonorities, offers advice: "Sing God a secret song." This begins the
> final extended episode, when voices, one by one, join together in
> harmony, in canon. Finally the entire company reprises the "Almighty
> Father" chorale.
>
> Comforting, but uncertain and quizzical
>
> But this time the supportive harmonies are thick with intensifying
> intervals and pungent bits. The mood is comforting, but uncertain,
> more quizzical. The crisis of faith has been overcome. For now.

Concerning the following, see CENSURE AND ACCEPTANCE:

http://www.classicalnotes.net/classics4/bernsteinmass.html
r***@gmail.com
2018-07-22 10:12:11 UTC
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>>Bernstein himself was so moved that he hugged and kissed everyone in sight,

But he did that all the time anyway !

Rosemary Forbes-Butler
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